Birds, like all living creatures and plants, are given a two part scientific binomial name that is Latinized.
Whereas the common name can vary depending upon whether it is in English or the language of a certain country, the scientific name always remains the same.
The genus, describes something pertinent to the family, and a species name, usually suggests something about the bird. Dendroica means "tree dwelling", which warblers certainly are! The second part of the name, "petechia" is a medical term and comes from the strongly marked dark red streaks on the breast, which reminded the person that named this species, Carl Linnaeus, of a rash on the skin!
yellow warbler © adrian binns